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Clean Our Creek

OVERVIEW

JAMES ISLAND CREEK WATERSHED PLAN

WATER QUALITY MONITORING REPORTS

TOWN ORDINANCES RELATED TO SEPTIC SYSTEMS

SEPTIC TANK INSTALLERS


OVERVIEW:

The Town of James Island is committed to improving the water quality in James Island Creek.  SCDHEC (South Carolina Department of Health and Environmental Control)  has designated James Island Creek as an "impaired waterway."    The James Island Creek TMDL was completed in November, 2019.   The three local governments responsible for stormwater management in the James Island Creek Watershed, the Town of James Island, Charleston County, and the City of Charleston, are mandated to monitor bacteria levels in the creek and develop an action plan during the next five years.   This mandate is directly from SCDHEC, but indirectly from the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency.  Failure to comply can result in multi-million dollar fines for local governments.  The James Island Public Service District (JIPSD) and Charleston Water System (CWS) provide sewer service in the James Island Creek Watershed, but are regulated under a separate provision of the law and so are not directly mandated to clean James Island creek.

As SCDHEC reviewed conditions in the creek, public works staff from the Town, City, and County were involved at every step. Creation of a memorandum of agreement (MOA) for a joint response began early on and was signed in December 2020.   The County has hired a consultant, Wolpert Engineering to provide monitoring.   They will test the water each month and an additional four times each year after heavy rains.   Also, they will use microbial source testing four times each year to identify the waste--human, pet, or wildlife.     The Town, City, and County pay for this testing in proportion to our area of jurisdiction in the watershed, roughly 58% City, 34% Town, and 8% County. 

In February 2020, the local governments formed the James Island Creek Water Quality Task Force.  This was an initiative from Charleston City Councilwoman Carol Jackson.  The body includes elected officials from the Town, City, and County, key staff members from those local governments, as well as elected officials and staff members from the James Island Public Service District and the Charleston Water System.  State elected officials are represented.  Also, representatives from conservation groups such as Waterkeeper and Coastal Conservation League are included.   The Chairman is Mayor John Tecklenburg of the City and Mayor Woolsey of the Town serves as vice Chair.   Other elected officials serving include County Councilwomen Jenny Honeycutt and Anna Johnson, City Councilmen Ross Appel and Dudley Gregorie, City Councilwoman Carol Jackson, Town Councilman Garret Milliken,  JIPSD Commissioner Kathy Woolsey, State Senator Sandy Senn and State Representative Spencer Wetmore.

The Education and Citizen Outreach Committee, chaired by Waterkeeper Andrew Wunderly, will share  information to residents about how they can help clean our creek and about what the task force and local governments are doing on their behalf.   You may have seen an editorial in the Post and Courier and TV reporting due to their efforts.   The Town, County and City all contribute stormwater utility monies paid by our residents to help fund the Ashley Cooper Education Consortium.  Operated by Clemson University's Extension Service, the consortium provides a wealth of information about managing stormwater and protecting our marshes and creeks.

The Technical Committee, chaired by James Island Town Administrator Ashley Kellahan, worked to get the MOA between the City, County, and Town hammered out and approved. 

The Policy Committee, chaired by Charleston City Councilman Ross Appel, initiated a Watershed Plan which was provided at no cost by Terracon   All James Islanders owe this public-spirited engineering firm a hearty thanks for helping clean our creek. The James Island Creek Watershed Plan  was completed in May 2021.  It has been approved by SCDHEC and will go to the full task force for a recommendation for adoption by the Town, City, and County Councils.

Also Charleston Water System funded molecular source testing for the first time this spring (March and May of 2021.)  Working with Charleston Waterkeeper, their limited sampling revealed that the human DNA concentration was by far greater than the other source types analyzed. While the test results are by no means conclusive, they do indicate that human waste is indeed a factor and contributor to the pollution in the James Island Creek.

In November 2021, James Island Town Council adopted an ordinance requiring that septic tanks be inspected at least once every three years and pumped out and maintained as necessary.  

 

JAMES ISLAND CREEK WATERSHED PLAN 

PDF VERSION 

 

WATER QUALITY MONITORING REPORTS

Summer 2021

Fall 2021

 

TOWN ORDINANCES RELATED TO SEPTIC SYSTEMS

ORDINANCE 2021-06  Regulations on Routine Inspection and Maintenance of Private Septic Tank Systems 

ORDINANCE 2021-10 An Ordinance Requiring Baseline Inspections of Septic Systems in the James Island Creek TMDL 

 

Ordinance 2021-06 establishes regulations on routine inspections and maintenance of private septic systems within the Town's jurisdiction. 

All private sewerage systems must receive an inspection by a licensed contractor every 3 years, and the owner thereof shall provide documentation of such inspection upon request by the Town Code Enforcement Officer within 10 calendar days of such request.

Failure to timely provide acceptable documentation of inspection evidencing an inspection of the private sewerage system within 3 years prior to such request, or within 10 days after such request, shall entitle the Town to require an inspection through a licensed contractor.  Should the owner fail to provide proof of an inspection within 30 calendar days, the Town may perform an inspection through a licensed contractor at the owner’s expense.

In the event such inspection reveals a failed system, in whole or in part, the Town shall require the owner to perform such repairs or maintenance as may be called for from such inspection, at owner’s expense, within 60 calendar days of the earlier of the mailing of or personal receipt of such notice. If the repair(s) are such that 60 days is not sufficient time to complete the repair(s), evidence of the scheduled repair(s) shall be presented to the Town and timeline for repair(s) must be approved by the Town Code Enforcement Officer.

In the event the owner has documentation or other acceptable proof of an acceptable inspection with the time prescribed, yet the Town Code Enforcement Officer has reason to believe a baseline or other additional inspection is warranted, the Town may perform such inspection as is required in the Town’s discretion at the Town’s expense and impose the necessity of repair or maintenance at the homeowner’s expense.

See HERE for a list of Licensed SCDHEC Septic Installers in Charleston County. Note: Inspections should be done by a licensed septic tank installer, not a company that only performs pump-outs. For a list of additional vendors state-wide, visit https://scdhec.gov/environment/your-home/septic-tanks/overview-septic-tanks

 

Ordinance 2021-10 requires baseline inspections to be done of every septic system located within the James Island Creek Watershed. Town staff will be working towards carrying out this plan and contacting the residents in early 2022. Below are the specific objectives of this ordinance: 

  1. All septic systems in the James Island Creek TMDL under Town jurisdiction must have a baseline inspection at Town expense before June 30, 2022.
  2. A “baseline inspection” means a thorough evaluation of an operating private sewage system to determine whether the system is functioning as designed, is not exhibiting signs of failure, and is being operated properly. A pump out of the system is required for a baseline inspection to properly examine the interior of the tank and to check for leaks from the house or saturated conditions in the drainfield. All inspections and pump outs must be performed by septic contractors with valid SCDHEC licenses.
  3. Town Council appropriates $150,000 to pay for baseline inspections for septic systems in the James Island Creek TMDL under Town jurisdiction from unencumbered capital project funds in the 2021/2022 budget year.
  4. The Town Public Works Department shall coordinate with one or more licensed septic contractors and property owners and residents to provide for the required baseline inspection.
  5. The required baseline inspection is an “additional inspection” as provided for in Town of James Island Code 91.03 Section C 10.
  6. Any septic system that received a baseline inspection that is properly documented within the last three years meeting these requirements is exempt from the ordinance.

 

SEPTIC TANK INSTALLERS

Click HERE for a list of  septic tank installers that have been licensed by SCDHEC. Please note a proper inspection should be completed by an installer, not a company that solely performs pump-outs. 

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